Programa de exposiciones de Año Dalí 2004

Dalí en el Park Güell

Dossier de prensa

Hazte socio, recibe nueva información regularmente y recoge tu regalo de bienvenida



Artículo de Información

What's on in Dalí year

Last month Spain kicked off a year of Salvador Dalí celebrations. Peter Stone picks out the best of the 2004 festival — and tells the story of the artist's life.

The life of Dalí

Salvador Dalí was one of the most famous and colourful characters of the modern Spanish art world.

Born in the northern Catalan town of Figueras in 1904 and son of an imminent notary, he started painting early and at the age of 18 embarked on a Fine Arts course in Madrid.

At the Residencia de Estudiantes he struck up a friendship with the poet Federico García Lorca and cineaste Luis Buñuel and produced several avant garde projects before heading on for Paris where he immersed himself in the world of surrealist artists and sculptors. His Spectre of Sex Appeal and other provocative works such as The Great Masturbator — which now resides in Madrid’s Reina Sofia museum — date from then.

In 1929 Dalí met Russian born Helena Diakanova, known more commonly as Gala, and she became his muse, model and constant companion. Together they went to New York at the beginning of World War II and returned to Europe in 1948, with Dalí now a great success.

The artist spent long periods painting at his house and workshop (today a museum) in the tiny Mediterranean hamlet of Port Lligat, whose strange rock formations and luminous turquoise inlet – crystal clear in the perennial Tramontana wind — proved an invaluable source of spiritual inspiration. “It was in Port Lligat that I learned to limit and file down my thoughts so that they would acquire the sharpness of an axe,” he said.
It was in Port Lligat that I learned to limit and file down my thoughts so that they would acquire the sharpness of an axe.

The Dalí museums in northern Cataluña contain much of his most personal work and 2004, the centenary of his birth, will see a variety of celebrations and exhibitions both in Figueras and at the tiny nearby township of Púbol, whose castle was Gala’s residence in the 70s and Dalí’s in the early 80s. Here, in addition to the permanent display of paintings given by the artist to his muse, a further batch of previously unseen works (“dibujos inéditos”) will be exhibited next March.

Dalí celebrations

The main events of Spain’s Dalí Year will take place during 2004 and part of 2005. A comprehensive programme will include exhibitions, film shows, theatre concerts and symposiums, as well as the publication of Dalí’s complete works in Catalan and Spanish, including eight volumes of novels, plays and poetry written by the artist.

The Spanish programme officially began on 6 October when King Juan Carlos launched Dalí Year at the painter’s Figueras-based Theatre-Museum, an impressive surrealist art centre that can seat up to 500 people. Two weeks later further homage was made when an airbus 340-60 was christened “Salvador Dalí” in Barcelona's El Prat airport.

What's on in Figueras

Plans for 2004 in the Figueras area are varied and comprehensive.

Between January and May an exhibition of work by local photographer Joan Vehí will be held at the Museum of Cadaqués, the picturesque white coastal town adjoining Port Lligat. Special lighting will illuminate Figueras throughout the year and the house where the artist was born, built by architect Josep Azenar at the turn of the century, is being totally refurbished.

On 11 May a Grand Centenary festival will be held, followed by a national lottery draw on 22 May beside the Dalí Theatre-Museum.

Further plans for his home town include the erection of a weathervane sculpture by Lluis Vato dedicated to Dalí, and the commemoration by the town council of the "Grand Cuillière", an anthological exhibition originally held in Paris at the Pompidou centre in 1980

For more details of all these events check the following Dalí Centres in Figueras: the Fundación Gala-Salvador, the Town Hall, and the Museums of l'Empordá and the Junquet de Catalunya.

What's on in Barcleona

In Barcelona the main exhibitions take place between 27 January and 23 May.

The Catalan capital’s Centro de Arte Santa Mónica will be featuring an exhibition of work by individual artists influenced by the surrealistic master while a further show titled Dalí y el Retrato Complice concentrates on his relationship with photographers such as Francesc Catalá-Roca and Carles Fontseré.

At the Palau Robert (Robert Palace) there’ll be a display of 70 photos of the great man taken between 1948 and 1990 and the Sala Verdaguer del Palau Moja will be running a programme called "Las afinidades electivas" illustrating Dalí's affinities with Man Ray, Tanguy, Gaudí and other eccentric luminaries of the art world.

The Biblioteca de Catalunya will in turn be covering the artist's life through a series of books, and from July to October the Fundación Miró will be dominated by the "Manifiesto Groc" which centres round an iconoclastic "anti-artistic" proclamation signed by Dalí.

For movie enthusiasts there’s an added bonus: a filmoteca season screening Buñuel-Dalí collaborations like L’Age d’Or and Un Chien Andaloue and scenes from Spellbound in which Alfred Hitchcock used Dalí backdrops for the Gregory Peck dream sequences. The movie programme will also leave the Catalan capital to tour Gerona, Figueras, Lleida, Olot, Terrassa, Vic and Manresa.

Most notable of all Barcelonan homages to the surrealistic maestro will be the Cultura de la Masas show at the Caixaforum containing 300 paintings, sketches, films and personal objects. The exhibition examines a key period when Dalí was breaking down barriers between high and low-brow cultures by using cars, phones and mass consumption products. (In the 50s and 60s he also explored other avenues, blending religion, science and history, and producing masterpieces like “Christ of St. John of the Cross”.)

What's on in Madrid

The Caixaforum exhibition will later move to Madrid’s huge Reina Sofia, modernist member of the Spanish capital's "golden triangle" of museums (the other two being the Prado and the Thyssen-Bornemisza). Here a new salon with five Dalí works valued at a total of USD 4.5 million is being opened and among the most important pieces on display will be the 1924 cubist-influenced oil work Siphon and Bottle of Rum, as well as Nude in Water and San Sebastian, both of which date from 1927.

Main Madrid exhibitions will take place between 22 June and 30 August, preceded in May by a seminar at the Residencia de Estudiantes on the creative quartet formed by Dalí, Lorca, Buñuel and Pepín Bello.

A new book The First Salvador Dali (1914-36) is being published by Ricardo Mas and the Grupo Planeta company is due to issue a bibliophile edition of Don Quijote, with a limited print run of 998 copies, each containing facsimile reproductions of the 38 illustrations Dalí created in 1945.

In late autumn a Dalí-conceived version of Zorrilla’s play Don Juan Tenorio will be performed at the Maria Guerrero Theatre.

What's on outside Spain

Spain is not the only country celebrating the centenary of their great surrealist artist. Commemorative activities in honour of the Dalí centenary are scheduled to take place in cities as diverse as Perpignan, Rotterdam, Venice, Philadelphia and S. Petersburg, Florida (where governor Jeb Bush’s wife, Colomba, quick off the mark, launched the US programme in the town's own Dalí museum two months ago.

Noviembre 2003

top Año Dalí 2004 Homepage